面積: 312,679 km2 人口: 3848萬人 首都: 華沙 語言: 波蘭語 使用貨幣: 波蘭茲羅提
這便是弗拉迪斯瓦夫·史特澤明斯基 (Władysław Strzemiński) – 前衛的波蘭結構派畫家先驅以及藝術理論家身處的創作環境。作為藝術學院的教授，奉獻於非政治活動及藝術自由。但他卻淪為政策的受害者，不僅失去在學院的教職，也被波蘭藝術及設計家協會開除，同時被妖魔化，以致無法找到任何足以謀生的工作。波蘭最著名的導演之一，安傑·華伊達 (Andrzej Wajda) 探索史特澤明斯基的理論「殘影」，並一窺政權如何摧毀一個人的生命。
Republic of Poland is a country located in central Europe, with 37,97 millions of citizens inhabiting an area of 312 679 square kilometers. It has an access to the Baltic Sea in the north and also numerous mountain chains in the south. There are regions with dozens of lakes interconnected by canals in the northern-east and the ancient forests on the eastern border. All of this diversified nature can be enjoyed in one of four seasons of the year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Apart from that Poland is also a well-developed country with numerous big cities blooming with culture and providing numerous business opportunities. During the last almost 30 years, especially after joining the European Union, Poland undergone rapid economic changes. Therefore the image of the country showed in the movie ‘Afterimage’ is quite different from the reality of the 21st century. To better understand the movie it is important to get familiar with its historical context.
Year of 2018 marks 100 year anniversary of regaining independence by Poland, after it has been partitioned between Russian Empire, Habsburg Austria and the Kingdom of Prussia, and for 123 years disappeared from the political map of Europe. Not so long after Poland regained independence the World War II came and the country has been took over by the Nazi Germany. Even though Poland ended the war on the winning side and was re-established as a state, it fell under the influence of the Soviet Union and was forced to adopt communism as its political system and a satellite government, strongly dependent on its sponsors in Moscow. As a result of post-war peace conferences, Poland lost the majority of its eastern territories and was compensated with some industrial regions of pre-war Germany on the west, which resulted in a mass resettlement. World War II devastated Poland. Five million inhabitants of pre-war Poland were killed, many of these casualties were caused by the deliberate extermination of the Jewish and Polish elite. Warsaw – the capital of the Second Republic of Poland – was virtually burned to ground. Rebuiliding of the country under politically isolated regime with insufficient economic system was rather slow. Constant economic stagnation, shortages in the supplies of basic goods, and a lack of political freedom and free media, as well as the frequent abuses of power of the political elites, marked the communist period with great social unrest and protests, always brutally suppressed by the establishment.
This is the reality in which Władysław Strzemiński – Polish pioneer painter of the contructivist avant-garde and an art theoretician, lived and created. As the professor of the Art Academy who advocated for the non-political character and freedom of art, he fall a victim to these policies. He not only lost his position in the Academy, but also has been expelled from the Association of Polish Artists and Designers and ostracized by the society which made it impossible for him to find any kind of a job. Movie by Andrzej Wajda – one of the most renowned Polish directors, explores main theory of Strzemiński – ‘afterimage’ and gives an insight into the life of an individual destroyed by the regime.